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To remediate the soil and groundwater pollution in Taiwan, the Environmental Protection Administration has begun to levy the soil and groundwater pollution remediation fees from the manufacturers and importers of officially declared substances in accordance with the amounts manufactured and imported by such enterprises in November of 2001. The remediation fee is used in the soil and groundwater investigations and remediation projects, providing undeniable benefits to environmental protection. Since the officially declared chemical substances are mainly organic substances, the remediation fee is mainly collected from the petrochemical industry. Therefore, the industry continued to claim that the fee sources should be more fair and reasonable. In response with the industries’ requisition and to reflect the current statures of illegal dumping sites, a new version of the collection regulations was implemented in July of 2011. Other than the originally regulated substances, steel, coal, copper, nickel, and industrial wastes from the specified 13 industries were added to the regulated substances. Afterwards, the revised regulations were promulgated on December 30, 2016 and implemented on July 1, 2017. The wastes from the specified 13 industries were canceled, and changed to the designated 66 wastes items and corresponding codes. Subsequently, the regulations were revised on November 12, 2021, and incentive measures were added to encourage businesses to dispose of industrial waste on their own. Since the amendment in 2017, the number of fee-payers has increased approximately from 4,000 to 8,000 and an average of 1 to 1.2 billion NT dollars of remediation fee is collected each year. A total of 16.58 billion NT dollars of remediation fees had been collected since November of 2001.